What are the skills you need to go scuba diving?

Many enjoy exploring the amazing world that exists beneath the ocean’s surface. But, there are a number of skills that diver must learn at the onset, which are used throughout one’s diving career.  
 
Buoyancy 
 
Mastering buoyancy is a vital skill that all divers must learn. The skill requires that divers remain calm, focused and steady. The factors involved in maintaining buoyancy include knowing and understanding the importance of BC inflation, breath control, ballast weight, depth, exposure suit buoyancy and trim. Once the skill is obtained, divers use less air while preventing damage to marine habitats.  
 
Controlled Descents 
 
Descending into the depths of the water requires calm and slow action. The diving gear must be properly set. While descending, divers must know how to equalize ear pressure. Otherwise, going down too rapidly has the potential to rupture the eardrums and cause other physiological complications.  
 
Clearing Your Mask 
 
Diving masks have a tendency to leak if the seal between the mask and the face is broken. The problem is not uncommon. For this reason, divers must know how to clear their masks. The skill simply entails taking a deep breath orally. Press the top ridge of the mask tightly to the forehead while opening the bottom ridge. Exhale deeply through the nose. With practice, divers are able to accomplish the task without having to stop moving.  
 
Scuba Hand Signals 
 
Unless wearing elaborate and expensive communication equipment, divers must learn hand signals in order to talk to each other. Signals may vary among individual dive teams and locations. However, many are universal. By knowing how to communicate with a partner, divers are able to convey if they are in trouble.  
 
Emergency Ascents 
 
In rare instances, divers may need to rise to the surface quickly. Equipment might fail or a diver may run low on air. But rising too quickly causes nitrogen to build up in the blood, which leads to a medical emergency. Normal ascent, alternate air source ascent, buoyancy emergency ascent and emergency swimming ascent are techniques every diver needs to learn to ensure safety. 

About the author: Corey Russell